Alma Redlinger

Alma Redlinger

Critical References

The creation of the artist born in 1924 and taught by M. H. Maxy sets, into a harmonious continuity, conceptual and language elements specific to cubism, fauvism, expressionism, constructivism –avant-garde movements of the past century, transposed and adapted to a contemporary style which, while certainly postmodern, has already classed and classicised them. Completely synchronised with the era during which she is living, the artist is working in the wake of these cultural trends with the constantly renewed joy of discovery, a joy which this generation of masters must have felt when it managed to restore a lost continuity, to inform, to free itself from the oppression of the rigours and conventions imposed. The prestige of the models, which the contemporaries seem to sometimes discard with ease, has profoundly marked the works of these artists and has manifested itself in different, if not opposite ways.

In Alma Redlinger’s case, it appears in reference points of a prodigious cultural memory, taking the shape of admiration, colloquial expression or quotation: Magnolias with a book on and construction elements taken from the work of Braque, the Seashell. Homage to Légèr, homage to Matisse and Yellow Water Lilies with the same one, Homage to Picasso, Water Lilies, Homage to Gauguin, Magnolia with Vincent and Sunflower with Van Gogh, Olives with album and signs taken from the work of Klee, Apples with Dufy, Lilies with Le Corbusier, Water Lilies with Rembrandt, Homage to Maxy. In the same vein, we must mention the motives (the odalisque, for instance) or the props (mugs, bottles, pipes, flowers, books and newspapers, fans, calendars, paintings, chairs and lounge chairs, fruit, cutlery, disks and musical instruments, the palette, the brush and other specific utensils) inserted naturally and repeatedly in the image’s structure. This is the form chosen by the artist to communicate, in order to position herself in a succession, in order to confess her admiration, in order to thank. If she positions herself in a succession of generations, the artist is also naturally presenting her works in a succession which has a project as its basis: Behold the man! Behold the work! Without being a retrospective, the exhibition opened at the Senso Gallery brings together works of graphics and painting created not only now, as a nonagenarian, but also over the last decades, without leaving out significant moments, stages or thematic series.

      In the field of graphics, Alma Redlinger tackles watercolour, ink and charcoal, but also engraving, often combining them, with possible additions, in mixed methods; in terms of types and styles of these, we have the portrait and the entire figure, the composition with characters, the urban, rural or marine landscape, the (female) nude, the interior, the genre scene, the still life with flowers, fruit, books and objects. Thus, brought together, in a serene and logical juxtaposition, monochrome images, with subtle values, summary, but accurately and carefully traced notes, coloured impressions, similar to arpeggios, or works which the artist has lingered on, has returned to, has focused on, to which she has added more depth. In all these cases, the line, with confidence and particular grace, traces contours, indicates details, works in perspective, registers, delimits, unifies or builds, as the case may be. Alma Redlinger’s drawing style, restrained or impetuous, but with a high degree of technicality, provides a sure framework to any composition. In the forms traced this way, the colour intervenes authoritatively in order to grant the image harmony, musicality, in order to give spatial indications, to build screens, to intervene as a counterpoint, to set a hierarchy, to impose; intense and brilliant, superimposed or bravely juxtaposed so as to create complex effects, showcased as a stain in order to institute and transmit the rhythms of the image, colour never has a subordinate role.

      Adding the plunging perspective used most often or showcasing in two dimensions, angles of approach that are difficult to predict, intense expressiveness, sometimes even ardent, of both the characters and of the objects, the light that invades the image and saturates or haloes the shapes, we discern only partly (as any other follower of the open work), the originality of an artist with a distinct personality and an unmistakable stylePhD Doina Pauleanu, art critic and director of the Art Museum of Constanta.


Born in Bucharest, on 8 March, 1924.

Education: The Free Academy of Painting (1940-1944) and the Guguianu Free Academy (1944-1945), her professor was painter M. H. Maxy

Since 1951 she is a member of the Visual Artists Union of Romania.

25 personal exhibitions - in Bucharest in 1956, 1961, 1967, 1970, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1994 – 2 expo, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007; 2009; 2011, 2012, 2014; - in Iasi 1999; - in Dej 2000, Suceava - 2011

One of the most important exhibitions is the one from Dalles Hall, March-April 2011 when, on this occasion, Adrian Buga, the exhibition curator and author of the catalogue has also launched the exhibition’s catalogue, published at the UNARTE publishing house. The photographs of the works have been taken by Victor Bortas, and the graphic concept was done by Gabi Dumitru. The exhibition was opened by Professor PhD Ruxandra Demetrescu, rector of the National Art University, and by Mr. Mihai Oroveanu, general director of the National Contemporary Art Museum.

In March of 2014, at the Caminul Artei/Art House gallery the exhibition “90 years of living, 70 years of painting” is held, curator Adrian Buga.

Participant in the state exhibitions and official salons since 1945.

Participant in numerous group exhibitions among the most recent we can mention:

2005, “After 60 years”, The Free Academy of Painting – the class of painter M. H. Maxy, the Allianz-Tiriac Gallery, together with Eva Cerbu, Maria Constantin, Yvonne Hasan, Lelia Zuaf David

2006, the 2006 UAR Salon, Brancusi Gallery, Parliament

2007, The art exhibition of the Unconventional Newspaper, organized by Paula Ribaru, Central University Library Carol I - Galateca Gallery

2008, Painting exhibition, Seniors of contemporary Romanian painting, Elite Art Gallery, curator Luiza Barcan

2009, A woman of worth, Jewish community centre

2009, group exhibition Feminine gesture, gallery: VERONIKI ART, an exhibition organized by Veronica Marinescu

2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 - The art exhibition of the Unconventional Newspaper, organized by Paula Ribaru, Central University Library Carol I - Galateca Gallery, Bucharest

2010 – the exhibition 94 artists contemporary, at the Art House gallery, an exhibition organized by Dragan Djordjevic

2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 – the exhibitions European bridges at the museum in Constanta

2012, 2013, 2014 - ARTS IN BUCHAREST organized by UAP

2012 – “BETWEEN TRADITIONALISM AND AVANT-GARDE” Museum of the Municipality of Bucharest and the Romanian Art Collectors Society

2012 – “The Artist and Power. Instances of Romanian painting in the years 1950-1990”

2013– The exhibition of the Unconventional Newspaper – Barlad museum, October

2014 - The art exhibition of the Unconventional Newspaper, organized by Paula Ribaru, at the Museum of the Romanian Peasant

Monumental works of art composition with folk dances, held in 1959-1961, in Poiana Brasov, Sports hotel, together with painter Mimi Saraga Maxy, and the composition with school sports on the façade of school no. 122, in Antim, demolished along with the entire neighbourhood in order to build the People’s House.

Participant in Romanian art exhibitions abroad: Minsk, Athens, Moscow, Leipzig, Berlin, Vienna, Helsinki, Barcelona, Osterhout (1991), the Hague and Amsterdam (1992), Beijing, Lebanon, Montabaur (2004).

Participant in international exhibitionsBerlin (1965, 1968), Madrid (1971, 1973), Paris (1973).

Works in museums and collection inRomania, France, Italy, Germany, Israel, the U.S.A., Japan, Brazil, the Netherlands, Canada, Belgium, Greece, England, Sweden.

Awards: the “Simu” youth prize - 1945, the Ministry of Arts prize - 1946,  3rd prize at the World Youth Festival - Moscow - 1953, member of the “Academia Italia delle Arti e del’Lavoro” - 1980, awarded the  gold medal of the Academy - 1981 and with the “Oscar d’Italia” - 1985, the Order “Cultural  Merit” with the rank of Commodore - 2004, Nomination for the Margareta Sterian Prize  - 2005, “Marcel Iancu” prize, for fine arts - 2006 , the “Nihil Sine Deo” Decoration  – offered by MS King Michael I - 2011, Nomination for the “Prometeus Opera Omnia Prize”by the Anonymous Foundation – 2011.

Selective bibliography: Romanian art dictionaries, International Who’s Who in Art and Antiques, Melrose Press Ltd. Cambridge, Who’s Who in the World, Marquis Who’s Who Chicago, The World Who’s Who of Women, International Biographic Centre - Cambridge, Dizionario internazionale degli artisti contemporanei, Salsomaggiore Terme, Who’s Who in the Balkans, «Jüdische Frauen in der Bildenden Kunst » - Hedwig Brenner, “Alma Redlinger”, authors Vasile Petrovici and Daria Simion, “Art will”, author Adrian Buga